Aspects of dialog with the European Union in ecological sphere

The Foreign Ministry held video conference session with regional management of the projects of European Union – Central Asia: Cooperation in water resources, environment and climate change (WECOOP).

Specialists of the Foreign Ministry, Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Protection and the State Water Management Committee took part in the meeting.

Rational use of water resources, mitigation of consequences of the climate change, promotion of ‘green economy’ are important factors of stable development and ecological stability of Central Asian countries. In this regard, the states of the region and international organizations consolidate efforts in this direction.

European Union, together with which number of long-term projects including the project of EU – Central Asia: Cooperation in water resources, environment and climate change, is one of the leading partners in this sphere. Its main goal is to form up efficient policy in solution of these problems on national level in the region based on EU standards.

Stimulation of investments to relative sections of the economy, which is to support the achievement of significant reduction of population caused by human activity, is also a priority aspect.

In this aspect, it is worth to mention that Turkmenistan pays utmost attention to these subjects. All government social and economic programmes approved by President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov are developed and implemented taking into account the Sustainable development goals adopted by the UN.

First, this is related to provision of common access to cheap, reliable and modern sources of energy, support of economic growth and full occupancy, food abundance and development of agriculture, industrialization and innovations.

Efficient ‘mechanisms of clean development’, which allow reducing emission of greenhouse gases, are formed up in oil and gas sector, power energy sphere, chemical industry, transport and other branches. Big work is carried out in the sphere of rational use of water resources, protection of biodiversity and natural landscapes, combating desertification and soil degradation.

Complex of systematic measures, which are to strengthen economic, food, water and ecological safety of the state is provided by new edition National Strategy for climate change, which reflects obligations of our country under the Paris Treaty on climate change.

At present time, Turkmenistan successfully implements national projects, which are support adaptation of the country to the climate changes directly or indirectly. Construction of Turkmen Lake in Karakum Desert and National Forest Programme are among such projects.

Initiatives proposed by the President of Turkmenistan at the sessions of the United Nations General Assembly, the World Summit Rio+20, VII World Water Forum in the Republic of Korea, High-level International Conference dedicated to the Decade of Actions “Water for Sustainable Development in 2018 – 2028” declared by the UN in the capital of Tajikistan and other major forums are aimed at consolidation of efforts of the world community in solution of current modern objectives.

It includes the proposal on opening of the Regional Centre of technologies related to the climate change in Central Asia, development of the UN Water Strategy as well as the UN Special Programme for Aral Sea basin and new Caspian Ecological Programme.

National Action Plan for mitigation and adaptation to the climate changes is under development. This work is carried out by profile ministries and departments of Turkmenistan under technical support of the UN Development Programme and other international organizations.

Significant role is also given to the strengthening of cooperation with other countries, including with European Union, where the best approaches and practices in the sphere of reduction of emission of greenhouse gases and adaptation to the climate change have been tested successfully.

Joint projects and activity in the sphere of stable management of water resources, which are planned to be implemented with support of the EU under the third phase of the WECOOP project have been discussed at the video conference.

The main topics of discussion included the development of legal acts to the Laws of Turkmenistan on Wastes, on Protection of Atmospheric Air, on Ecological expertise, development of Forest Cadastre of Turkmenistan with application of advanced international practice as well as organization of targeted training seminars for personnel of Hydrometeorological Service of the Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Protection.

In the end of online meeting, the participants have spoken for continuation of regular consultations.

Source: Turkmenistan: the Golden Age Online Newspaper

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