From the new year, the law On the prevention of the harmful effects of alcohol comes into force in Turkmenistan.
The law will be introduced in stages, the first restrictions will come into force on January 1, 2019, the next part - from July 1, 2019, the final one - from January 1, 2021.
The full text of the law can be found at parahat.info .
We give the main points.
From January 1, 2019:
Alcohol trade can be carried out only in wine-vodka departments of stores and in specialized outlets, as well as in restaurants, bars and cafes, and only if there is a cash register and a payment terminal .
Alcohol sale in stores is permissible only on weekdays from 10 to 20 hours.
On non-working holidays and memorable dates, the sale of alcohol is prohibited.
It is prohibited to sell alcohol to people under the age of 21.
In restaurants and bars, the seller is obliged to open the container before selling it.
The sale of alcohol through the Internet and other means of telecommunications is prohibited.
Information on alcoholic beverages must be indicated on the container (label) in Turkmen and in Russian and / or English.
The sale and use of alcohol is prohibited on the territory of educational institutions, sanatoriums, medical, military, sports and cultural institutions, as well as on trains, on sea and river vessels and on airplanes.
You can bring into the country for personal use not more than one liter of any kind of alcoholic beverages. It is prohibited to import alcohol products with a strength of more than 70% (except for ethyl alcohol), produced at home, transferred from the original packaging to any other.
From July 1, 2019:
Half-liter cans and bottles of low-alcohol (no more than 7%) drinks are prohibited. Containers with a volume of not more than 0.33 l are allowed for sale.
The label (at least 20% of the area) must be inscribed in bold black font on a white background: Alcoholic beverages are harmful to your health!.
From January 1, 2021:
It is forbidden to sell alcohol on Saturdays and Sundays.
In addition to restrictions on the sale of alcohol, from December 1, the cost of excise taxes on alcohol and tobacco products was increased.
Excise rates for alcoholic beverages produced in Turkmenistan increased by 10 percent:
The beer excise rate increased from 10 percent to 20 percent of the cost;
Wine, liqueurs and other beverages with a strength up to 20% - from 15 to 25 percent;
Drinks with a strength of 20-30% - from 30 to 40 percent;
Drinks strength of over 30% - from 40 to 50 percent.
Also, excise taxes on imported alcohol products were increased by 10 percent. Excise tax on tobacco increased by 17 percent.
Beer - from 50 to 60% of the customs value, but not less than 5 manat per liter;
Alcoholic beverages up to 20% - from 100 to 110%, but not less than 25 manat per liter;
Alcoholic beverages over 20% - from 100 to 110%, but not less than 40 manat per liter;
Tobacco products - from 30 to 47%, but not less than $ 2 per pack.
Recall that in July 2018, President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov approved the National Program for the Prevention of the Harmful Effects of Alcohol for 2018-2024. In addition, a program was adopted to protect the mental health of the population of Turkmenistan, as well as a strategy to increase the physical activity of citizens.
A week after that, MNS officers began to conduct inspections ofstores selling alcohol. All detected products were seized.
Source: Chronicles of Turkmenistan