Chairman of the Halk Maslakhaty (upper house of parliament) of Turkmenistan, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov , proposed once again changing the Constitution, returning the unicameral parliament to the Mejlis, and transforming the Halk Maslakhaty (People's Council) into the highest representative body, as it was before the previous change in the Basic Law in 2020. This is reported by the publication "Turkmenistan: the golden age".
This proposal was voiced by Berdimuhamedov Sr. on January 11 at a joint meeting of members of both chambers of the Milli Gengesh (parliament). He explained this by the need to "improve the legislature based on the real demands of the time."
The Halk Maslakhaty will include:
• Chairman of the Halk Maslakhaty of Turkmenistan;
• President of Turkmenistan;
• Chairman of the Mejlis;
• Chairman of the Supreme Court;
• Secretary of the State Security Council;
• deputies of the Mejlis;
• members of the Cabinet of Ministers;
• authorized representative for human rights - Ombudsman;
• Attorney General;
• Minister of Adalat (Justice);
• khyakims of velayats, etraps and cities;
• chairmen of the halk maslahaty of velayats, etraps and cities;
• archins of cities and towns, which are the administrative centers of etraps;
• leaders of political parties, trade unions and other public associations;
• members of the public, including elders, the proposed halk maslahaty of the velayats and the city of Ashgabat.
The powers that the Halk Maslakhaty will receive are spelled out in general terms: approval of amendments to the Constitution of Turkmenistan, approval of the directions of the foreign and domestic policy of the state, approval of the country's development programs, consideration of security and peace issues, as well as "the exercise of other powers provided for by the laws of Turkmenistan."
Council meetings will be held as needed, but at least once a year.
Having told about his proposal, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov allowed the other participants of the meeting to express their opinion on this matter. All speakers "fully supported" the idea.
An appropriate Commission will be created to amend the Constitution.
On January 21, there will be another joint meeting of members of both houses of parliament, but now with the participation of members of the public.
For the first time, the Halk Maslakhaty (People's Council) was established in 1992 and was considered the highest representative body of power in Turkmenistan.
After Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov came to power in 2008, the body was transformed into the Council of Elders and stripped of all legislative powers.
However, 10 years later, in 2018, the body was again renamed the Khalk Maslakhaty. During the meetings of the Council, its representatives approved the abolition of free limits for the use of electricity, gas and water in the country, and later voted to amend the Constitution and transform the parliament into a bicameral one.
After that, the lower house of parliament became known as the Mejlis (previously "Mejlis" was the general name of the unicameral parliament), and the upper house - Khalk Maslakhaty (now chaired by Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov).
Since the "Halk Maslakhaty" is now called the House of Parliament, the people's representative body in 2022 was renamed the State Council (Döwlet maslahaty).
Now Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov has decided to return the configuration that existed before the previous changes to the Constitution and again make the Halk Maslakhaty the highest representative body.
Source: Chronicles of Turkmenistan