With a length of almost 100 kilometers, Koytendag is the highest mountain in Turkmenistan. The highest point of the country - Airybaba mountain, 3139 meters above sea level, is located on this mountain. Translated from the ancient Turkmen language, the name of the mountain means "Mountain of dry houses". The name must have been given to the mountain because of its many deep rocky valleys, because when you look up there, you can only see a thin strip of sky.
Karstification is strongly developed on the western slopes of the mountain range. It is very difficult to climb to the top, because its path is very steep and difficult, and the bottom of the valleys are full of huge crags of fallen rocks. Some valleys are even more than 100 meters deep. Each valley differs from the others in its unique flora. Because of this, these places have great scientific and touristic importance.
The eastern slopes of Koytendag can be said to be inaccessible. They consist of multiple flights.
Koytendag is interesting for adventurers, primarily because of the unique flat height of the dinosaurs. The frozen footprints of fire-eating dinosaurs were preserved there several million years ago.
Scientists who have studied this flat elevation have determined that these footprints are unique "signatures" left by ancient dinosaurs on the flat seashore. Over time, the dinosaur footprints froze and turned into stone, and millions of years later they were exposed by the movement of the earth's crust. Today, you can see more than 2,500 footprints, which experts consider to be unique.
Caves of Koytendag are interesting, first of all, with the abundance of stalactites and stalagmites.
Part of this mountain range was formed on Earth during the Cretaceous period and part during the Jurassic period, so it is bigger than Kopetdag.
Source: Turkmenistan: the Golden Age Online Newspaper