The production of silk deserves special attention in the development of textile industry, which is one of the important branch of national economy. Turkmen people was famous throughout the time for silk garments making their production perfect. Today, production base of this branch is totally renewed and ancient art of making keteni fabric is revived. In our country, new samples of velvet made of Turkmen silk started to be produced for the first time. In future, we are planning to increase the volume of investments into silk production. This will allow the creation of new work places and increase the volumes of valuable material, - the message says.
Silkworm breeding is one of the ancient crafts of Turkmen nation, which goes deep to the history. National traditions of silkworm breeding were passed from generation to generation throughout the centuries. The methods helping to weave finest and matchless by the beauty carpets were invented. They still exist in our days.
Caravan routes, crossing the planes, mountains, desert and steppes from the east to the west was called thee Great Silk Road. Thus, the name of the road itself was elated to the name of the most valuable trade item - the silk, which is distinguished by its strength, lightness and beauty. Even in the Middle Ages, enterprises for stocking up the cocoons was already working in Merv, one of the most ancient centres of Turkmen land.
Today, silkworm breeding industry have second birth. Ashgabat Silk Factory and Turkmenabat Silk Production Association are the main enterprises for processing of produced silk. They are fully modernized and provided with top modern equipment. New workshops producing silk carpets, national fabric ketene and other items are opened at this enterprises. Today, Ruhabat factory, which produces the velvet, adored by Turkmen women, is provided unstoppably with silk fibre.
Special attention is paid to the development of silkworm breeding in the rural areas for support and stimulation of entrepreneurship. Special nurseries and some farmers associations annually grow thousands springs of mulberry trees, which leaves are the forage base for the silk worms. Mulberry trees are planted around the fields what allows protecting cotton crops and other cultures from dry winds, strengthens the banks of irrigation canals and promotes favourable environment. This also allows combining silkworm breeding with cotton growing and receive additional production and income from the same land, - the message mentions.
Source: Turkmenistan: the Golden Age Online Newspaper