The authorities of Turkmenistan intend to build new reservoirs, but there is not enough water even to fill the existing ones

This year, the authorities of Turkmenistan began to pay great attention to the problem of water shortage . As a solution, it is proposed to build new reservoirs. In an article in the Neutral Turkmenistan newspaper, local water specialists explained that it is “tens of times cheaper” than cleaning up reservoirs from silting, which is “troublesome and expensive.”

However, as Meteozhurnal notes , this year even the existing reservoirs, which are replenished from the Amu Darya, are becoming shallow.

“In 2022, the flow of the river was higher, however, due to the analysis of water downstream, including to fill reservoirs that were badly affected by the drought of 2021, in the lower reaches the water deficit reached almost 70% of the water withdrawal limit,” the publication reports. .

As you can see in the satellite photos (head photo), this year the volume of water in the Tuyumuyun reservoir on the border of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan in August is significantly less than at the same time in 2019.

According to the Interstate Commission for Water Coordination of Central Asia, the volume of water in reservoirs in July 2022 more than halved compared to 2019, from 4.4-5.2 to 2.2 cubic kilometers.

The silting of the bottom of the run-of-river reservoir only exacerbates the situation.

“Three successive dry years have caused the reservoirs of the Tuyamuyun hydroelectric complex to be unable to accumulate water resources. Since February 2021, the volume of water in the reservoirs has never exceeded 4 cubic kilometers. This is less than there was water in the summer period of July 2019, ”the journalists of the weather publication write.

Since in the last year and a half the water level in the reservoir was below the “dead” volume (the minimum water level necessary for its discharge from the reservoir), the hydroelectric complex was not able to regulate the flow in the lower reaches.

According to existing forecasts, the flow of the Amu Darya will continue to decline.

“Obviously, if nothing is changed radically, the water shortage will only grow, and in a few years there will simply be nothing to water the fields,” concludes Meteozhurnal.

Source: Chronicles of Turkmenistan