The text of the draft Convention on the legal status of the Caspian Sea was available on the website of the Russian legal information portal for a short time. Later the document was deleted.
RIA Novosti reports that article 14 of the document runs that the parties can install underwater cables and pipelines along the bottom of the Caspian Sea.
It is envisaged that such projects must comply with environmental requirements and standards, in particular the Framework Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Caspian Sea adopted in 2003.
According to the media outlet Kommersant, pursuant to the document the Caspian States can build pipelines along the sea bed, without seeking approval of all five states but based on agreements of the country along which the pipeline will be built.
The route for laying underwater cables and gas pipelines is determined with the consent of the country along the seabed of which an underwater cable or pipeline will be installed, � the draft Convention says.
At the same time, the draft Convention has not clearly defined the issue pertaining to seabed division. It just says that division of the seabed and subsoil of the Caspian Sea by sectors is agreed upon with neighbouring and opposite states taking into account generally accepted principles and rules of law.
The adoption of the Convention might help Turkmenistan to solve the legal problem regarding construction of the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline to Azerbaijan and launch supplies of its gas to the Trans-Anatolian gas pipeline (TANAP).
Source: Chronicles of Turkmenistan