Public sector employees have been obliged to present the list of personal information about relatives up to the third generation (uc arka maglumat), popularly referred to as uch arka, since Saparmurad Niyazov, the first President of Turkmenistan, came to power.
Tree generation genealogy certificates are required to be presented during admissions to higher or secondary vocational educational establishments. The forms, which are manually filled out, indicate personal information about relatives up to the third generation, including their residence address. Those relatives who passed away are no exception and even the information pertaining to their burial sites need to be presented.
Since 2012 parents of the first graders have been obliged to present the certificates and later on even parents of pre-school age children were requested to do so. The list featuring family members need to be updated at the start of each year.
Correspondents of Chronicles of Turkmenistan found out that starting from March 2019 senior law enforcement officers have been urging their employees to update these lists every two to three months.
District police officers were also charged with the task of collecting such certificates from all residents on the territory subordinate to them every two to three months.
Interestingly enough, only the forms which have been filled out manually are accepted. No digital records are being used yet.
There are no official explanations as to why uch arka is needed. It appears that this is a form of shared responsibility. This is a way to identify untrustworthy residents whose family members had committed a crime or demonstrated dissent. They are less likely to find jobs and more likely to be made redundant.
Source: Chronicles of Turkmenistan