The countries of Central Asia were among the leaders in cardiovascular mortality rates associated with poor nutrition. It is reported IA Fergana, citing a study of scientists from Germany (Halle-Vitterberg and Jena universities) and the United States (University of Washington), which was published in the European Journal of Epidemiology.
According to the information for 2016, absolute mortality rates of this kind were highest in Uzbekistan (66 thousand), Turkey (44 thousand) and Kazakhstan (40 thousand).
Relative indicators - the proportion of such deaths in the total number - in Georgia (34.4%), Uzbekistan (32.2%) and Azerbaijan (32%).
When calculating death rates, standardized by age, the highest level was recorded in Uzbekistan (394 per 100 thousand people), Turkmenistan (367 per 100 thousand people) and Kyrgyzstan (350 per 100 thousand people).
The analysis is based on data obtained as a result of the international program Global burden of disease. It collects and analyzes indicators characterizing mortality from diseases and injuries, as well as their risk factors. This study was conducted on materials obtained from 51 countries of the European region of the World Health Organization (the countries of Central Asia are included there) from 1990 to 2016.
In 2016, according to these data, about 2.1 million deaths caused by cardiovascular diseases were associated with poor nutrition. This mainly concerns the lack of whole grain products, as well as nuts and seeds, fruits, omega-3 unsaturated fatty acids and fiber.
The study authors note that a balanced diet is one of the most effective ways to prevent premature mortality in the region. The data obtained, in their opinion, can be the basis for official campaigns aimed at improving the health of the population.
Recall that the second year in the country there is a shortage ofbasic foodstuffs: flour, vegetable oil and eggs.
Source: Chronicles of Turkmenistan